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Background: DNA represents the architectural blueprint for all living systems, encoding specific instructions in the sequence of its four nitrogen-containing base pairs that are necessary for building the organism.
A change in the DNA sequence, for example as a result of a “mistake” during DNA replication, is defined as a mutation. Mutations may result in a change in the “blueprint,” which may then change the resulting protein product.
What is the significance of the first and last codons of an mRNA transcript?What meaning do these mRNA codons have for protein synthesis?Did the mutations result in a change in the final proteins? If so, describe the change.In general, why might a change in amino acid sequence affect protein function?
Background: Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease that affects the respiratory, digestive, or reproductive systems of the body, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe. Bob and Sally are recently married. Upon deciding to plan a family, both Sally and Bob find out that they are both heterozygous for cystic fibrosis, but neither of them has symptoms of the disorder.
Assignment Essay Question: How do both meiosis and sexual reproduction (fertilization) produce offspring that differ genetically from the parents? Be sure to talk about the two specific steps in meiosis that increase variability as well as the process of fertilization.
Provide references in APA format. This includes a reference list and in-text citations for references used throughout the assignment. Note that there is a Reference page for listing sources included on the Graphic Organizer.