CONF 340: Midterm Exam
2 short essays (250-350 words each)
1 long essay (more than 750 words)
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CONF 340: Midterm Exam 2 short essays (250-350 words each) 1 long essay (more than 750 words)
Global Conflict Analysis and Resolution Midterm Exam Spring 202 3 Professor Hakizimana Conflict 340: Midterm Exam March 6, 202 3 Answer the following questions as directed. All your answers should be written electronically using Microsoft word (.docx ) format in clear and standard English (i.e., complete sentences using proper punctuation, capitalization, etc.). Directly reference pertinent readings and/or cases using the reading assigned thu s far, but don’t gratuitously quote readings for the sake of it. The exam will be available March 5 at 11:59 PM and is due on March 6th by 11:59 PM . Since this is take home exam, i t is important to note that the exam should be individual work. Each section of the midterm is worth half the midterm grade (25%) . Please clearly label which question you are answering. Please send me a n email if you have any question s. Do not write your name anywher e on your exam, instead, write your Student ID Number – (G-000000) on each page of the word document . Your exam must be submitted no later tha n March 6th at 11:59 PM. Late submissions will not be reviewed and will result in a 0 on the exam . Part I: Short Essays ( 12.5 points each ) In your o wn word s, answer only two of the following three questions . Each question is worth one – quarter of your midterm grade, or 6.25 points, for 12.5 points total. Begin each answer on a separate page . The s hort essay answer s should be between 250 and 350 words. 1. The 2013 Human Security Report, which we discussed in Week 3, argues that there has been a long -term decline in violence in our world. What are some of the empirical trends that lead them to this conclusion? 2. Please explain social identity theory as Hornsey, Tajfel and Tuner defined it. In your response please make sure to explain self -categorization. 3. In class we discussed the cause s and driv ers of terrorism, w hat are the two perspectives on human behavior tha t were identified in the readings and how does each explain terrorism? Part II: Long Essay ( 12.5 points) In more than 750 words, please a nswer the following question fully. I strongly recomme nd that you outline your essay fi rst. This semester, we’ve read a great deal of theory and research that seeks to answer a critical question: Why does violent global conflict happen? One major approach to this question is Paul Collier and his co -authors’ political economic explanation of why civil war happens in their book Breaking the Conflict Trap. A second major approach groups together protracted social conflict theory, as discussed in yo ur textbook, and the theory of horizontal inequalities propose d by Frances Stewart. First, defi ne each approach’s answer to the question of why conflict occurs. Second, compare their theories. How do these two approaches diff er in their explanation of the origins of conflict in today’s world? How are they similar?