Is there a difference between “common practice” and “best practice”?When you first went to work for your current organization, experienced colleagues may have shared with you details about processes a

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Is there a difference between “common practice” and “best practice”?When you first went to work for your current organization, experienced colleagues may have shared with you details about processes and procedures. Perhaps you even attended an orientation session to brief you on these matters. As a “rookie,” you likely kept the nature of your questions to those with answers that would best help you perform your new role.Over time and with experience, perhaps you recognized aspects of these processes and procedures that you wanted to question further. This is the realm of clinical inquiry.Clinical inquiry is the practice of asking questions about clinical practice. To continuously improve patient care, all nurses should consistently use clinical inquiry to question why they are doing something the way they are doing it. Do they know why it is done this way, or is it just because we have always done it this way? Is it a common practice or a best practice?In this Assignment, you will identify clinical areas of interest and inquiry and practice searching for research in support of maintaining or changing these practices. You will also analyze this research to compare research methodologies employed.To Prepare: Review the Resources and identify a clinical issue of interest that can form the basis of a clinical inquiry. Based on the clinical issue of interest and using keywords related to the clinical issue of interest, search at least four different databases in the Walden Library to identify at least four relevant peer-reviewed articles related to your clinical issue of interest. You should not be using systematic reviews for this assignment, select original research articles. Review the results of your peer-reviewed research and reflect on the process of using an unfiltered database to search for peer-reviewed research. Reflect on the types of research methodologies contained in the four relevant peer-reviewed articles you selected.Part 1: An Introduction to Clinical InquiryCreate a 4- to 5-slide PowerPoint presentation in which you do the following: Identify and briefly describe your chosen clinical issue of interest. This clinical issue will remain the same for the entire course and will be the basis for the development of your PICOT question Describe how you used keywords to search on your chosen clinical issue of interest. Identify the four research databases that you used to conduct your search for the peer-reviewed articles you selected. Provide APA citations of the four peer-reviewed articles you selected.Part 2: Identifying Research MethodologiesAfter reading each of the four peer-reviewed articles you selected, use the Matrix Worksheet template to analyze the methodologies applied in each of the four peer-reviewed articles. Your analysis should include the following: The full citation of each peer-reviewed article in APA format. A brief (1-paragraph) statement explaining why you chose this peer-reviewed article and/or how it relates to your clinical issue of interest, including a brief explanation of the ethics of research related to your clinical issue of interest. A brief (1-2 paragraph) description of the aims of the research of each peer-reviewed article. A brief (1-2 paragraph) description of the research methodology used. Be sure to identify if the methodology used was qualitative, quantitative, or a mixed-methods approach. Be specific. A brief (1- to 2-paragraph) description of the strengths of each of the research methodologies used, including reliability and validity of how the methodology was applied in each of the peer-reviewed articles you selected.

Is there a difference between “common practice” and “best practice”?When you first went to work for your current organization, experienced colleagues may have shared with you details about processes a
Matrix Worksheet Template Violence against nurses at the workplace NURS – 6052N, Module 1, Evidence-Based Project June 18th, 2019 Matrix Worksheet Template Use this document to complete Part 2 of the Module 2 Assessment, Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: An Introduction to Clinical Inquiry and Part 2: Research Methodologies Full citation of selected article Article #1 Article #2 Article #3 Article #4 Sisawo, E. J., Ouédraogo, S. Y. Y. A., & Huang, S. L. (2017). Workplace violence against nurses in the Gambia: mixed methods design. BMC health services research, 17(1), 311. Babaei, N., Rahmani, A., Avazeh, M., Mohajjelaghdam, A.-R., Zamanzadeh, V., & Dadashzadeh, A. (n.d.). Determine and compare the viewpoints of nurses, patients and their relatives to workplace violence against nurses. JOURNAL OF NURSING MANAGEMENT, 26(5), 563–570. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1111/jonm.12583 Boafo, I. M., & Hancock, P. (2017). Workplace Violence Against Nurses: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study of Ghanaian Nurses. SAGE Open. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244017701187 Zhang, L., Wang, A., Xie, X., Zhou, Y., Li, J., Yang, L., & Zhang, J. (2017). Workplace violence against nurses: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 72, 8–14. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.04.002 Why you chose this article and/or how it relates to the clinical issue of interest (include a brief explanation of the ethics of research related to your clinical issue of interest) The article is the first article on violence against nurses in workplaces in Gambia. The researchers observed confidentiality of the completed questionnaires of the nurses. The questionnaires were not collected through the nurses’ managers but by the team of researchers. Social responsibility of researchers is exhibited by seeking permission to conduct this study from the Gambia Government/Medical Research Council Joint Ethics Committee and the Research and Publication Committee of the University of the Gambia (RePUBLIC). This article reflects of the impact of workplace violence on the health, well‐being and safety of nurses and the quality of nursing care. The study was approved by the relevant ethics committee. Participant’s informed consent was obtained at the beginning of each data collection. Privacy and confidentiality of the participants was also observed. This paper addresses my research question on violence against nurse at workplaces and goes further to describe the sources and effects of the violence. The research received ethical clearance the university human resource committee and the Ghana Health Service Ethics Review Committee. Permission to conduct the research was obtained from the medical superintendent and the head of nursing services in each respective hospital prior to data collection. Participants were explained to the aim of the study; their informed consent was obtained, and they were not allowed to write their names or any other information that could be used to identify them on the questionnaire. Questionnaires were retained by participants until the researcher or research assistants collected them. Participants had a right to withdraw from the exercise at any time without any consequences, Confidentiality of the information on the questionnaires was observed. I chose this study because it shows that the prevalence of violence against nurses in China is the highest at 68.31%, compared to other countries. The study also explains that the high risk group that is more prevalent to violence are those nurses with low empathy levels or those working in poor environments. This study obtained written consent from all participants who were at liberty to withdraw from the study ant anytime without prejudice or consequences. The questionnaires were anonymous, and confidentiality of the participants was observed. Brief description of the aims of the research of each peer-reviewed article The main aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and perpetrators of workplace violence against nurses in the Gambia. It also attempts to explore the factors associated with workplace violence against nurses in Gambia. This research aimed at assessing the perception of nurses, patients and their relatives towards workplace violence against nurses. The aim of this study was to document the incidence rate, sources, and effects of workplace physical violence against nurses. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of workplace violence against Chinese nurses. Risk factors associated with workplace violence were also to be determined. Brief description of the research methodology used Be sure to identify if the methodology used was qualitative, quantitative, or a mixed-methods approach. Be specific. The article used mixed methods. This research was conducted in 2 out of 7 regions, accounting for 52% of nurses the total population of nurses working in the public sector in Gambia. Qualitative method involved a purposive sampling of face-to-face interview to obtain information on the context of the violence and perceived factors associated with the occurrence of violence. The quantitative part of the research involved the use of a self-administered questionnaire used to collect personal and workplace data of respondents, exposure to workplace violence, perpetrator, location and time of violence. The study used a descriptive and comparative study methodology which is a quantitative approach. The study was conducted in 9 healthcare centers. The modified questionnaires were completed in face‐to‐face interview with each participant. A cross-sectional descriptive study with a multistage sampling technique. The study used a qualitative approach. Questionnaires were distributed to nurses who were selected from the various units/departments through simple random sampling and a clear inclusion criterion. The research methodology used is cross-sectional study. This is study is a quantitative study that used a structured self-reported questionnaire, given to nurses in randomly selected regions. A brief description of the strengths of each of the research methodologies used, including reliability and validity of how the methodology was applied in each of the peer-reviewed articles you selected. The mixed method used in this research made it possible to integrate different types of data that generated insight to violence against nurses at workplaces. The questionnaire used in this study was pretested for its clarity, relevance, comprehensiveness, and sensitivity to Gambian culture in order to obtain reliable and valid results. This method was most appropriate to address the broad factors associated with violence against nurses in workplaces. The strength of this research is in the sample size and the selection of the sample group. This was determined by a pilot and preliminary study. An additional 5%–10% was added to the sample size to cover for potential sample loss. Diversity of the sample participants was done by selecting a sample group per week and limiting the number of patients and relatives that had participated in the prior weeks. The validity of the questionnaire was checked by 10 professors and scholars from the local universities. The reliability of the questionnaire was done by distributing it to ten participants with a 2‐week interval. A 97% Pearson correlation coefficient was obtained between the two tests. This study used a purposive sampling method to identify to hospitals, one in the north and one in the south, that gave a geographical representation of the country. The questionnaire was pretested on 20 nurses in two occasions in a 2-week interval. None of the nurse could participate in the main study. The test–retest correlation coefficient for physical violence was 1.00. The questionnaire was readjusted by five professional nurses for face validity, clarity, and sensitivity of items. This questionnaire had comparable results with other countries. A single-item scale was used to document physical violence/ Data was collected by trained researcher assistants. To ensure participation of nurses on both shifts, the study was carried out between 12:00 p.m. and 9:00 This study used the following measures for the study: – Socio-demographic records like’ age, gender, education level, marital status, department, positions, length of service, and health conditions. Of the participants were collected Used the workplace violence survey tool that is internationally recognized. This survey tool was developed by ILO, ICN, WHO, PS in 2002. Use of the Chinese version of the renowned Jefferson scale of empathy-Health professionals (JSE-HP) to measure the health care workers’ empathy. Use of Practice environment scale of the nursing work index (PES-NWI) scale was translated and validated into Chinese in 2011. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient in the study was 0.921. General Notes/Comments The prevalence of workplace violence against nurses is perceived differently by patients, patients’ relatives and nurses themselves. This study is limited by the fact that it is difficult to verify the information obtained from the participants. China’s experiences a moderate organized disturbance in the healthcare sector that is a risk to Chinese nursing staff. Low empathy levels experienced by nurses working in pediatrics and emergency departments makes them more susceptible to workplace violence. © 2018 Laureate Education Inc. 7
Is there a difference between “common practice” and “best practice”?When you first went to work for your current organization, experienced colleagues may have shared with you details about processes a
Matrix Worksheet Template Matrix Worksheet Template Use this document to complete Part 2 of the Module 2 Assessment, Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: An Introduction to Clinical Inquiry and Part 2: Research Methodologies Full citation of selected article Article #1 Article #2 Article #3 Article #4 Why you chose this article and/or how it relates to the clinical issue of interest (include a brief explanation of the ethics of research related to your clinical issue of interest) Brief description of the aims of the research of each peer-reviewed article Brief description of the research methodology used Be sure to identify if the methodology used was qualitative, quantitative, or a mixed-methods approach. Be specific. A brief description of the strengths of each of the research methodologies used, including reliability and validity of how the methodology was applied in each of the peer-reviewed articles you selected. General Notes/Comments © 2018 Laureate Education Inc. 2

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