Sociology help needed to write a 75 word Response for Student 1 and 2 to further a discussion

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Original
Question

Resiliency

A. Resiliency is considered to be an important factor
for children. List three factors that are known to promote resiliency in
children, and explain why these factors are important to a child’s development.

B. Sam is a 20-year-old college student who struggles
with school, relationships, and keeping a job. When something bad happens, such
as when Sam loses a job or if he fails a class, he becomes depressed and is
unable to recover for long periods of time. He frequently moves back in with
his Mom and five younger brothers. Sam has also been diagnosed as below average
intelligence, but he is capable of succeeding in college if he works very hard.

  1. What
    theorist (Erikson, Piaget, or Vygotsky) do you think best explains Sam,
    and why?
  2. Do
    you believe nature or nurture has more of an impact on Sam, and why?

STUDENT
1 RESPONSE:

Three factors known to promote resiliency in children
include: Temperament, close relationship with a family member, and a close
relationship with someone beyond their family. If the child has a temperament
that is relaxed and self-confident, they can better respond to bad situations
and circumstances (Bukatko, 2008).

I believe that Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems
Theory best explains Sam’s failure to be resilient. At the core of the
ecological system, the Microsystem, is Sam’s temperament. Clearly he does not
have a relaxed and self-confident temperament, which is why he is unable to
bounce back quickly after failures. Sam’s Mesosystem, his mother and five younger
brothers, appear to be fine with allowing Sam to come home each time he fails
thus allowing Sam to continue running away from his failures instead of
learning how to deal with them head on. Assuming Sam lives in the US, it is
also very common for 20 year olds to live at home whereas it wouldn’t be so
normal in other cultures. Bronfenbrenner includes how the attitudes and values
of the culture reflect on behavior by talking about the Macrosystem. If it were
not socially acceptable by the US culture for Sam to be living at home, he
would probably find other ways to continue supporting himself instead of
running away. Nature and Nurture both have equal impact on Sam. Nature is
genetic and is what controls Sam’s temperament and therefore his resiliency.
Nuture is how the environment has affected him, such as his Mesosystem and
Macrosystem that allow him to continue to run away from his failures
 (Bukatko, 2008).

Reference:

Bukatko, D. (2008). Child and adolescent development.
A chronological approach. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.

STUDENT
2 RESPONSE

Resiliency

Resiliency is considered to be an important factor for
children. List three factors that are known to promote resiliency in children,
and explain why these factors are important to a child’s development.

Resiliency: those who seem able to most effectively
resist the negative consequences of risk
(Bukatko, 2008, p. 9).

3 qualities: (Bukatko, 2008, p. 9)

·  A
relaxed self-confident character

·  Ability
to adapt and respond intelligently in difficult situations

·  A
close encouraging relationship with at least one family member

These factors as well as others allow a child to not
only respond more proactively to things that they may encounter throughout
their life, but they are also what helps them to respond when their stress
levels rise. When we think about how many of us were raised and how many
children are being raised today we can see why many are having issues when they
reach high school and college age because they have not been properly equipped
with the right internal tools to handle “the real world”.

Sam is a 20-year-old college student who struggles
with school, relationships, and keeping a job. When something bad happens, such
as when Sam loses a job or if he fails a class, he becomes depressed and is
unable to recover for long periods of time. He frequently moves back in with
his Mom and five younger brothers. Sam has also been diagnosed as below average
intelligence, but he is capable of succeeding in college if he works very hard.

1.  What theorist (Erikson, Piaget,
or Vygotsky) do you think best explains Sam, and why?

For Sam I think that Erikson’s theory fits best. I say
this because while watching this week’s video they state “While teenagers
will “try on” many different roles, they will define who they are by the end of
adolescence. Teens who do not settle into an identity experience role confusion
and may continue to struggle with this aspect of defining a sense of self into
adulthood.” 
(University, unknown)Now while Sam is no longer a
teen Erikson’s theory says that a person can may not resolve a stage of
development, an because Sam is below normal intelligence level, and the oldest
of 6 with a single mother he may have not had the time that he needed to
advance the way that he needed to.

2.  Do you believe nature or nurture
has more of an impact on Sam, and why?

I think that over all for Sam it was more than likely
a combination of both. Because he isn’t were he should be intellectually he has
to work that much harder than others his age. However at the same time his
mother continues to allow him to come home every time something happens no
matter how big or small it is which will only continue the cycle of behavior.
There needs to be a time when both she and Sam need to come to the realization
that things need to change and that Sam needs to get some help with his depression
so that he can move beyond his current path.

References

Bukatko, D. (2008). Child and adolescent
development: A chronological approach.
Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

University, K. (Director). (unknown). PS220 Unit 3
Video
[Motion Picture]. Retrieved from
http://extmedia.kaplan.edu/AEH/AS/PS220_1203C/PS220_Unit3/PS220_U3.mp4

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